There are many beautifully flowering shrubs. If you ask people living in different places which plant they would be most attractive by name, black mane, kashkara, draposhtan, shkeri and wild rosemary will surely fall into the top ten. And under all these names there is a well-known and beloved rhododendron. In spring, blooming rhododendrons amaze with their decorative qualities. The basis of the genus of these ancient plants is made up of over 1000 species, from which about 12 thousand varieties have been obtained. So different, deciduous and evergreen, they invariably occupy the most honorable places in our gardens and summer cottages.
Rhododendrons belong to the Heather family. Depending on the variety, these shrubs varying in height can shed their leaves or remain evergreen.
Low-growing varieties are most often used to decorate rocky gardens, greenhouses and rock gardens. Usually these plants form blooming islands on lawns: they are planted both singly and in groups. Rhododendrons look good in mixborders too.
It is not surprising that most of the species of this plant are honey plants. But the honey obtained from them cannot be eaten - it is toxic
Depending on the type of plant, its shoots can be pubescent or bare. Leaves differ not only in size, but also in shape. They can be sessile or attached to branches with petioles. Most often they are ovoid, can be leathery or pubescent.
All the beauty of this shrub is concentrated in its flowers. They are not only bright, but also fragrant, have a large irregular corolla and form inflorescences in the form of a shield or umbrella. Sometimes the flowers are single, but invariably catchy and very beautiful. The variety of their colors is striking: from snow-white to violet-purple. Rhododendrons delight with red, yellow, purple and pink flowers.
Mountain plant varieties
Mountain Datura are those rhododendrons that grow high in the mountains. They are not very common in our gardens. To successfully grow and bloom, they must go through a difficult period of acclimatization. At the same time, dwarf varieties, which reach only a meter in height, can be grown in rock gardens.
Most often, Kamchatka, racemose, reddish, equidistant, Canadian, dense, coarse-haired and rusty rhododendrons are used for these purposes. If the size of the rock garden allows, then relatively tall plants can also be placed in them, which will surprise with a variety of but invariably attractive flowers. These are the yellow and Japanese species, as well as the Ledebour and Schlippenbach rhododendrons.
Deciduous Kamchatka shrub (Rh.camtschaticum)
The Kamchatka rhododendron reaches only 35 cm in height. It is found in the Kuriles, Kamchatka and Sakhalin, in Siberia. The plant has rounded thin leaves up to 5 cm in length. It blooms in June with large, 4 cm in diameter, blood-red or purple-pink flowers. They grow singly or in loose clusters of 2-5 flowers. They are located on long pedicels covered with bristles and hairs.
The Kamchatka rhododendron is especially beautiful during the flowering period: it is a real decoration of the rock garden and garden. Cultivated since 1800
This plant tolerates frost well. Shaded rocky areas with fresh and loose humus are habitual for him. Kamchatka rhododendron is often used for group plantings and for creating borders.
Beautiful Siberian wild rosemary (Rh. Ledebourii Pojark)
The locals call the Siberian wild rosemary or maralnik the Ledebour rhododendron. In nature, it is found in the Sayan Mountains or Altai. This semi-evergreen shrub, cultivated, grows 1-1.80 meters in height.
This plant blooms very early, so its branches are often used for winter forcing. Its rather large flowers smell of resin and are lilac-pink in color.
Ledebour's rhododendron is called semi-evergreen because this plant retains most of its leaves for the winter. However, if the winter is dry and cold, the number of falling leaves may increase.
The shrub grows in shady places that are not blown by winds, but are characterized by high humidity. Siberian wild rosemary often forms real thickets on rocky river banks and in the mountains. He prefers the neighborhood with cedar-deciduous and deciduous forests.
Fragrant Pontic Azalea (Rh. Luteum, or Azalea roptica)
Pontic azalea, Turkish bagon and yellow stupor are all names for the same yellow rhododendron. This is a large plant, the height of which is two or more meters.
In winter, the leaves of the Pontic azalea (yellow rhododendron) fall off, and when they begin to bloom again in May, this plant blooms surprisingly beautifully.
Azalea Pontic will delight you with large orange or yellow flowers, reaching 5 cm in diameter. They form inflorescences that look like an umbrella. Each umbrella can have 7 or even 12 flowers. For a whole month, the bush is covered with flowers, they will begin to fall off only in June. It grows in the mountainous areas of the Caucasus and is sometimes found in Western Europe.
Caucasian rhododendron (Rh. Caucasicum)
In cultivated form, this shrub began to grow only in 1803. It is an evergreen plant with leathery leaves that are pointed at the ends. The Caucasian rhododendron grows up to 1.5 meters in height. In the wild, it grows close to snow fields in the subalpine belt in the Caucasus.
Caucasian rhododendron looks good in the form of borders, it is used in medicine. This plant is planted throughout the European part of Russia up to St. Petersburg
Its flowers are about 4 cm in diameter, in shape they are similar to bells or to shallow funnels. They are usually white or creamy and may have slightly greenish spots on their inner surface. However, there are a pale pink variety and even forms with pink flowers. Their ovaries, pedicels and calyx are covered with rust-colored hairs. Flowers are collected in clusters of 8-12 pieces.
This shrub grows very slowly. Prefers shady and damp places. Therefore, in parks and gardens, it should be placed in humid and semi-shaded corners. Used for both single and group landings.
Daurian plant variety (Rh. Dahuricum)
The very beautiful Daurian rhododendron is often called by the locals the maralnik, wild rosemary or wild rosemary. Shoots of this plant in winter can often be found on sale. The wild rosemary tolerates winter well, blooms profusely and grows up to two meters in height. For the winter, part of its leaves fall off, and the other part may remain for another year.
In nature, the Daurian rhododendron is found in the Far East and Altai, in Eastern Siberia and in the Sayan Mountains
The old branches of this shrub are twisted and gray in color, in contrast to the brown young shoots. Its crown is decorated with single lilac-pink flowers. They reach three centimeters in diameter. The wild rosemary blooms even before the leaves appear or simultaneously with their appearance. Its leaves have a strong odor.
This plant, unlike other shrubs of the species, loves the sun and can grow in arid areas. If there is not enough light, the flowering of the shrub will not be as lush. In culture, wild rosemary is common up to the Kola Peninsula. In folk medicine, this plant is prized for its arbutin, essential oils and tannins.
White wing of Tibet (Rh. Adamsii Rehd)
The Tibetan White Wing is often called a low, fragrant shrub - Adams' rhododendron. It grows only up to 30-60 cm. Its thick-skinned leaves remain to winter on the branches. They have a pleasant aroma, smooth surface and a slight white bloom. Their back is covered with scales and has a grayish-brown color.
Thickets of Adams' rhododendron are located on rocky mountain slopes, on rocks, in the tundra, and sometimes near the forest belt, in its upper part
The flowers of the plant are pale pink, cream or hot pink, but no purple tinge. They are collected from dense brushes, shaped like a shield, and located at the very tips of the branches. Adams' rhododendron blooms in mid-June. Its flowering continues until the end of July. This plant loves lime-containing soil.
In nature, this shrub can be found in the Far East and Siberia. He prefers continental climates.
Golden Kashkara (Rh. Aureum Georgi)
Golden Kashkara is a creeping shrub up to 60 cm in height. Its leaves have a shiny leathery surface. Their tops are pointed, and the bases are wedge-like. They are attached to the branch with short petioles. The corolla of the flowers of this plant reaches 5 cm in diameter.
The shrub blooms in May-June, and bears fruit in July-August. Its flowers are in the shape of a wide bell, have elliptical lobes. They are collected in lush, umbrella-shaped inflorescences, and their color is really golden yellow.
The shrub of golden kashkara grows on Sakhalin, Kamchatka and throughout the Far East, it can be found in the south of Yakutia, in Transbaikalia and in the Sayan Mountains, in Altai
Usually kashkara forms dense thickets near the upper border of the forest. It is located quite high - from 800 to 2000 meters above sea level in the subalpine and alpine zones. Since ancient times, golden kashkara has been used in folk medicine.
Evergreen narrow-leaved species
The selection of evergreen narrow-leaved rhododendrons is carried out by the Weston nursery (USA). This group unites the most unpretentious plants. Despite the modest conditions of their life, these shrubs are so beautiful that they are rightfully called alpine roses.
They grow slowly. In the most favorable conditions for themselves, their growth is no more than 6 cm, and in central Russia they grow no more than 3 cm, but they branch well. These rhododendrons look very beautiful, and there are even legends about their unpretentiousness.
One of them tells about a case when a rusty rhododendron bush lived and actively bloomed for more than thirty years. Perhaps this plant, which grew under the cover of a pine tree, would not have attracted attention if one day the old pine tree had not been cut down. The shrub continued to grow and bloom, despite the fact that the level of its lighting has changed significantly. But for adult plants this is a serious stress! Nevertheless, he endured this test with courage.
Decorative rusty rhododendron (Rh. Ferrugineum L.)
This shrub is notable for its low growth, only 70 cm, and a branched crown, which reaches 1 meter in diameter. It grows on the slopes of the Alps, in the Pyrenees and the Apennines. You need to look for it at an altitude of 1500-2800 meters above sea level. He prefers leached limestones.
The crown of rusty rhododendron spreads, and its bark has a grayish-brown color. Above, its leathery ovoid leaves are dark green in color, while the underside of the leaf seems to be covered with rust.
This plant blooms in late June, later than other species. It blooms for about 30 days. The flower shape of this plant resembles a hyacinth. Its flowers are inflorescences of 6-10 each. They are not too large, have a diameter of only 2 cm, but they attract with their bright red-pink colors. There are also white specimens.
The shrub tolerates frost well, is absolutely unpretentious and very decorative. It grows very slowly, growing by only 3 cm per year. It can also grow on calcareous soils, if they are covered with a hefty layer of humus, but prefers acidic ones. It is customary to grow it on alpine hills, and its group or even single plantings will become a decoration of the garden. It propagates by seeds, layering and by dividing the bush.
Stiff-haired and evergreen (Rh. Hirsutum)
Rhododendron harsh grows in the regions of the Eastern and Middle Alps and in the mountains that are located in the northwest of the former Yugoslavia. In open areas of mountainous terrain, it forms whole thickets.
Located at an altitude of about 1200-1500 meters above sea level, its shrubs enter the open forest. In nature, it often crosses with rusty rhododendron, forming an unpretentious hybrid.
Young shoots of a slow-growing creeping bush of a hard-haired rhododendron have a reddish color, and with age they turn gray
This plant can be grown in central Russia, in the northern regions, in the Urals and Altai, as well as in the Far East. It is easy to recognize it by the cilia, which are located along the edges of the leaves. This shrub loves light, grows on slightly alkaline soils and limestones, is afraid of excess moisture and can live up to 50 years.
This evergreen shrub blooms in June - July. Its flowers are odorless, pink or white, and bell-shaped. Each inflorescence contains from three to ten flowers. The flowers themselves are only up to 1.8 cm long, but their pedicels are almost twice as long.
Evergreen small-leaved variety
All of these rhododendrons are native to China. In addition to small leaves, their distinctive feature is an annual growth of 1-3 cm and a looser crown. Experts believe that the reason for these differences is the specificity of solar activity in the growing region.
Attractive (Rh. Keleticum)
No wonder this rhododendron got the name attractive. In June, it blooms very beautifully for 18 days with large purple-violet flowers. This creeping shrub has a crown with a diameter of only 40 cm, and it reaches a height of 15 cm. It tolerates cold well and survives under the snow. This plant is afraid of only one thing - getting wet.
For the successful development of an attractive rhododendron, moist, but well-drained, slightly acidic soils are needed. For alpine slides, he is a real find
Group of dense rhododendrons (Rh. Impeditum)
The name dense rhododendron is a whole group of plants that grow into small bushes, resembling a dense pillow. After planting, this shrub comes to life and blooms with separate flowers, but, having already settled down in a new place, pleases its owners with abundant and long flowering.
This group of plants does not like getting wet, takes sun baths well and has different winter hardiness, depending on the variety.
Specialists from Germany and the Czech Republic are actively involved in breeding dense rhododendrons. And the results of their work truly delight Russian gardeners.
Decorative blushing (Rh. Russatum)
The birthplace of the blushing rhododendron is the province of Yunnan (China). This plant also forms a pillow up to a meter high and 80 cm in diameter. This species is named reddening, most likely, due to the reddish-brown underside of its lanceolate leaves.
Rhododendron grows reddening on acidic, moist, but well-drained soils and will perfectly take root in rock gardens and gardens in Russia
The plant blooms in early May with dark purple flowers with a white throat. They do not smell and make up spectacular inflorescences of 4-5 flowers each. This slow-growing shrub loves sunlight and tolerates winter cold well.
Large-leaved evergreen species
These varieties have been known to breeders for over a hundred years. They feel good in the conditions of Russia and are common throughout the territory of our country.They are very decorative and enjoy well-deserved success with gardeners.
In this category, I would like to highlight Katevbin species (Rh. catawbiense)... This winter-hardy evergreen rhododendron is native to North America. Thanks to the Katevbin species, the hybridization of rhododendrons began.
The bush of this plant can reach 4 meters in height. Sometimes it is no longer a shrub, but a whole six-meter tree with long leaves and large flowers up to 15 cm in diameter. During its flowering period, the plant is covered with amazing purple-purple flowers, similar to bells.
The Katevba rhododendron is widespread in the highlands of North Carolina, near the Katevba River. It got its name from the name of the river
This rhododendron tolerates shade well, but prefers richly lit terrain. It grows on acidic and slightly acidic rich soils that are well drained. It has been in cultivation since 1809, it is widely used in group and single plantings.
Rhododendrons are very diverse. There are many hybrid varieties, there are also rare species that need protection, since in nature they have become less and less common. But all these plants are united by one quality - they are invariably attractive, unpretentious and deserve the most attentive attitude towards themselves. And then they will become the most wonderful decoration of any garden.
Admire the collection of rhododendrons and azaleas from the Leonardsley Gardens:
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The creation of flower beds in a summer cottage is a pleasant and difficult job. After all, it is worthwhile to carefully approach the choice of colors. Perennial flowers blooming all summer is the ideal option and dream of any grower. After all, such flowers easily endure severe winters and do not need to be planted annually.
You can easily decorate the cottage with flowers. After all, there are a large number of flowers that do not require hassle during planting and care. It is necessary to choose and select the right plants that will emphasize the originality and seasonal characteristics of the site. The dream is achievable, so you can admire the beauty of flowers from spring to autumn.
Flowers are a decoration for a summer cottage and the pride of a florist. After all, bright colors of flowering plants create comfort and harmony. The flower world is striking in its variety. You need to choose flowers for decorating a summer cottage that will delight you with beauty and harmony throughout the season.
Some growers prefer annual flowers, as they are unique in their colors. But many people choose perennial flowers.
The advantages of perennial flowers for summer cottages:
- Do not require transplant for about 2 years.
- Withstand slight frosts.
- They winter wonderfully.
- No additional maintenance required.
- Look great throughout the warm season.
- Can be used as a basis for creating flower beds.
- It is much cheaper to grow perennial flowers, since during transplantation, the plant can be divided into several parts to create new flower beds.
In order for the flower garden to please the entire warm season, you need to take care of this in the fall. Autumn is not a time to be discouraged, you need to work in the garden for flowering plants to please the eye.
Planting perennial flowers can be of three types:
You can plant whole compositions that will not require transplanting in the coming years.
- Decide on a plan for how the flowerbed will look.
- You need to clearly know what type and growth you are planting flowers. Low-growing plants should be in the foreground, tall plants in the background.
- Remember to place border flowers along paths and paths.
- Consider the color scheme, flowering time and harmony of each plant.
Consider perennial flowers for a summer residence with photos and names so that every gardener can pick up the flower that will look perfect in the flower bed.
Crocuses - there are 4 types, the most popular are Dutch hybrids. All species bloom at different spring times, so plant all varieties.
Hyacinths - the plant begins to bloom in April. There are more than 30 varieties that differ not only in color, but also in shape.
Daffodils - there are a large number of plant varieties, of various colors and shapes. The bulb of the plant winters wonderfully, so in the spring it will be able to please with beautiful and elegant flowers.
Tulips. There are a large number of tulip groups that differ in color, shape and variety.
Periwinkle is a short flower, reaches a height of 20 centimeters, flowers are small, blue. Grows well in the shade.
Amur adonis is a stunted plant. It blooms with yellow, red and pink small double flowers.
Perennial flowers for summer cottages that bloom in late spring and all summer
Daylily is a tall flower that has a variety of colors: pink, orange, white, and so on.
Pansies are a delicate perennial flower that bewitches with its original shape and unusual color combination.
Peony is one of the spectacular tall flowers that look great not only in the summer cottage, but also in flower bouquet compositions.
Panicled phlox is a fragrant, bright, tall flower that pleases the eye with its diversity.
Lily is a delicate and incredibly cute flower. The buds are striking in their beauty. A capricious plant, susceptible to disease. But if you carefully look after him, the flower will give gorgeous flowers.
Cornflower is an extraordinary delicate plant. There are several species with white, pink, deep purple and purple lavender flowers.
Astilba is a perennial tall plant that blooms all summer and pleases with bright colors. The flowers of the plant are small, they can be pink, white, purple. The plant is resistant to diseases and pests, does not require special care.
Host. The flower has large leaves that can be of various colors. Flowering stems are long, can reach 125 centimeters.
Bell - if you take proper care of the flower, it can bloom until it gets cold. The type and color of bells is varied, so they can be found in almost every flower bed of a summer cottage.
Choose perennial flowers that bloom all summer long for easy maintenance. In order to create a flower bed on a summer cottage that will constantly bloom is not difficult - for this it is enough to plant 8 to 10 varieties of perennial flowers that bloom at different times. This method will ensure uninterrupted flowering of your favorite and most beautiful flowers. You need to clearly define the assortment and you can start.
Remember, almost every plant blooms for about 3 weeks. During this period, 2 or 3 plants can bloom, while creating a non-repeated blooming picture on the flower garden. There are many perennial varieties of flowers that are resistant to pests and diseases. Thanks to the photo of perennial flowers, you can understand in advance what kind of flower will be in the flowering process. This will help to correctly and harmoniously compose a flower garden or flower bed.
Giving preference to perennial plants, growers determine the appearance of their site for a long time. In order not to be mistaken with the selection of crops, it is useful to look into the catalog describing perennial flowers with photos and names.
The world of ornamental plants is incredibly large. But when choosing flowers for their flower beds, borders and flower beds, beginners often follow the colorful illustrations and do not take into account such important criteria as the flowering time and the size of a particular plant. What flowers to plant at the dacha so that they bloom all summer long, are clearly visible, unpretentious and go well with other "residents" of the site?
With regular and proper pruning, evergreen shrubs can easily turn into a hedge or unusual living sculpture that will become the center of a recreation area. To do this, it is enough to skillfully cut them. A list of what evergreen ornamental shrubs can be planted in the garden:
- Holly. Not afraid of frost. Grows above a meter. Oblong leaves are strewn with thorns. Therefore, it is unpleasant to come close to him.
- Yew. A slow-growing coniferous plant, in areas with a mild climate, it is planted in a hedge. The usual color of the foliage is dark green, there are varieties with golden foliage, as well as various forms of growth - from ground cover to tall columnar trees. It tolerates unfavorable growth conditions better than many other conifers, but does not tolerate stagnation of water at the roots in the cold season. The plant is dioecious, on females seeds with a fleshy red roof up to 1 cm in diameter are formed. Leaves and seeds are poisonous.
- Boxwood popular shrub for hedges, including a low one that surrounds flower beds. Withstands frequent haircuts and partial shade well, is not afraid of the wind, undemanding to the soil. Keep in mind that boxwood is very easy to care for. Annual pruning is not required for him. Only dry and thickening branches are cut, and extended shoots are also shortened.
- Calmia it is a beautifully flowering shrub that pleases with its flowering in May - June. In a non-flowering state, kalmia resembles a rhododendron, the plants are easily distinguished by their flowers. Calmia's buds are similar to Chinese lanterns, the edges of the petals are corrugated. Loves moist acidic soil and light partial shade.
Perennial shrubs for the garden
When choosing perennial shrubs for your garden, you need to take into account their future size, color, nature and growth rate, texture and flowering time. It is the flowering perennials that give the garden a special decorative effect. And even after flowering, voluminous bushes create a backdrop for annual flowers or simply function as a hedge.
Let's talk about the most popular flowering perennial shrubs, which, together with trees, will shape the image of your garden for many years. In this article, we have made an overview of the most interesting perennials from the point of view of landscape design. They can be planted alone or in groups. They can be used to decorate a house, fence or gazebo. Landscape designers often use them to create interesting compositions. So ... Flowering perennials Perhaps the top three most popular in our gardens are lilacs, jasmine and viburnum. They are large, vibrant and luxurious perennial shrubs. They fill the garden with a wonderful scent and create a saving shade. Kalina Kalina is a perennial unpretentious shrub. It is almost a symbol of the vast Russian expanses. Viburnum is mentioned in songs, in poetry, and in films. Gardeners appreciate it for both decorativeness and benefits. This perennial decorates the garden almost all season. In spring, viburnum blooms with large white caps, and in autumn it decorates the garden with bright red fruits. The benefits of all parts of this plant have been scientifically proven. They love viburnum for their unpretentiousness. She easily tolerates shade and frost. It grows well in the temperate climate of Europe and Asia. It is not surprising that this perennial shrub is so loved by many gardeners. They love him for its lush flowering, and for the bright autumn foliage, and for the abundance of the most useful berries.
Jasmine Garden jasmine, which is so common in our gardens, is not really a real jasmine. Its correct name is chubushnik. This perennial shrub, which we associate with jasmine, is rightfully considered a royal perennial. It is appreciated for the beauty of flowering, aroma and unpretentiousness. Jasmine (chubushnik) is considered one of the most beautifully flowering perennial shrubs. Indeed, the garden with blooming jasmine is an incredible sight. The height of these shrubs, depending on the region of our country, can reach from 1 to 4 meters. In our gardens, several types of jasmine are popular with different shades of flowers and different flowering periods. For fans of the unusual, you can take a closer look at the Mexican jasmine variety, whose flowers smell like orange.
Hydrangea Hydrangea is a magnificent flowering perennial shrub. Beloved by everyone, not out of fashion for many years, luxurious - hydrangea really deserves all these epithets. During flowering, it produces a truly spectacular sight. Gardeners appreciate hydrangea for its variety of shapes and a wide palette of colors. Most hydrangea species grow from 1 to 3 meters. Like many other perennials, hydrangea is good both in single planting and in a row. She is also appreciated for the fact that she blooms from spring to autumn. Inflorescences of amazing beauty are also used in dry bouquets. This is a favorite plant of florists. Despite its aristocratic appearance, hydrangea is not considered too capricious. This perennial shrub is quite easy to grow and care for, tolerates partial shade well.
Elderberry is a perennial shrub grown not only for decorative purposes, but also for medicinal purposes. However, we must admit that elderberry is not as popular in our gardens as we would like. A possible reason is her being too tall. In the south, it grows from 3 to 10 m. This disadvantage can be contained by correct pruning. As for decorativeness, the elder has something to brag about. She has a lush, thick and curly crown. The elderberry blossoms are very impressive. Blooms in May-June. Only black elderberry has edible fruit. This perennial shrub is also famous for its aroma. From berries and inflorescences, wonderful and healthy wines and jams are obtained. And the juice of black elderberry has tonic, antiviral, antipyretic, expectorant and antifungal properties. There are, however, unpleasant-smelling species of elderberry. They are used to repel pests, bedbugs and rodents. Elderberry can be in the form of a shrub and in the form of a tree. Shade tolerates well, is unpretentious. In landscape design, it is valued as a fast-growing perennial with lacy foliage and expressive foliage.
Spindle is very popular in ornamental gardening. This perennial shrub is equally good in both single and group plantings. It is prized for its attractive crown. The foliage is picturesque both in spring and autumn. There are varieties with spotted and bordered leaves. The variety of ornaments makes the euonymus unsurpassed in the decoration of the site. It is widely used to decorate fences or outbuildings. And in the fall, the garden is literally ablaze with colors. The euonymus looks especially impressive against the background of a green lawn at a time when other plants die off. For the same reason, landscape designers love to decorate alpine slides with them. Today, many species of euonymus are known, among which there are tall and dwarf varieties. The creeping forms are interesting. Euonymus are both shrubs and trees. This perennial is considered unpretentious. It tolerates pruning well and is resistant to adverse external conditions.
Budleya Budleya is a spectacular perennial shrub, reaching a height of 1.5-3 m. In landscape design, it is valued for its color palette, spreading shape and luxurious bunches of flowers. The color palette is very diverse, including rich orange and raspberry colors. Budleia inflorescences, depending on the species, are in the form of a panicle or spherical. For its resemblance to lilac, budley is sometimes called autumn lilac. This perennial has earned another nickname - a butterfly magnet, as beautiful large butterflies literally flock to fragrant melliferous flowers. Among the variety of species for your garden, you can choose fairly winter-hardy varieties of budley. Budleya is widely used in landscape design. It blooms practically from spring to autumn, which undoubtedly expands the possibilities of decorating the garden. The budlea looks especially beautiful as a solo plant or against the background of green conifers. Also, this perennial has one interesting feature - on the bush you can simultaneously see buds, and opened flowers, and fruits.
Spirea is a graceful perennial shrub with curving branches. Rarely exceeds 2 m in height. There are weeping, pyramidal, creeping, cascading and erect forms. Spireas also differ in the shape and color of the leaves. There are many varieties that are prized for their original decorative foliage. Spireas are divided into 2 types - spring-flowering and summer-flowering. Due to this variety, these perennials are widely used in landscape design. Experts advise using different types of spirea in creating compositions - with different colors and different flowering periods. Weeping and creeping forms of spirea look good in single plantings. Low-growing species are beautifully adorned with alpine slides and curbs. Even in winter, spireas look beautiful against the background of snow. Spireas with decorative foliage are good for a winter garden.
Wisteria Wisteria, or wisteria, is a charming tree-like vine native to East Asia. Unfortunately, it is not widespread on the scale of our country due to cold intolerance. However, we have already learned how to grow it in the south or in a greenhouse. This luxurious perennial plant with cascades of hanging inflorescences has conquered many gardeners. In Japan, a walk in a garden with fragrant blooming wisteria is called paradise. In landscape design, wisteria is used to decorate gazebos, terraces, trellises and other farm buildings. Even the most ordinary-looking old barn, braided with beautiful wisteria, turns into a luxurious landscape object. This perennial vine is deservedly called the queen among all garden vines. Abundant and long flowering, sweet aroma and clouds of delicate colors leave no one indifferent. At home, wisteria can reach 20 m. Therefore, a reliable shelter for the winter in our latitudes is the most difficult task for gardeners. Also, wisteria (wisteria) is successfully grown in tubs and in the form of a standard tree. Yet in vertical gardening, this perennial plant is unmatched.
Rhododendron Rhododendron is a magnificent perennial flowering shrub that includes about 800 species of evergreen and deciduous trees and shrubs. Translated from Greek, rhododendron means "rosewood". In free plantings, it is found mainly in southeast Asia, on mountain slopes and sea coasts. The variety of species allows you to choose specimens for yourself with very small flowers, and with large ones up to 20 cm in diameter. There are creeping shrubs. Rhododendron is popular not only for its amazingly beautiful flowers. He has beautiful colorful decorative foliage that changes shades in the fall.
Also, rhododendron is an excellent honey plant, although beekeepers have a special opinion on this. It is believed that the nectar collected from rhododendrons is "drunk". Bees literally get drunk when collecting such honey. Therefore, many beekeepers do not like to locate their apiaries in the area where these beautiful perennials grow. Although many argue that it all depends on the variety of rhododendron. This flowering shrub has earned its fame as a royal flower over the centuries. Many connoisseurs compare its beauty with the very queen of flowers - ROSE! This is a true aristocrat among flowering perennials. And like all handsome men, the rhododendron has a rather capricious disposition. Growing it is quite troublesome. He has special preferences for soil composition, air humidity, planting location and the amount of light. However, every year there are more and more people who want to plant a rhododendron in their garden. In the end, he endows the most persistent with a lush and amazingly beautiful flowering, pleasing almost all summer. Rhododendrons are good both in group and in solitary plantings. Looks great when creating hedges and on the lawn. Landscape designers recommend planting low-growing varieties of this perennial on rocky hills and as a curb plant.
Honeysuckle Honeysuckle is a perennial shrub, both upright and curly. This is a very beautiful plant, widely used in landscape gardening and decorating alleys and arbors. Curly honeysuckle creates a charming hedgerow perfect for landscaping a terrace. The most common types of honeysuckle in our country bloom from late May to mid-June. The variety of varieties of decorative honeysuckle allows you to choose a variety for your garden in the form of shrubs, trees and vines. Gardeners appreciate this plant for the tenderness of flowers and richness of colors. It is believed that once you have tried to grow honeysuckle, you will never give up on it. In recent years, the cultivation of edible honeysuckle has become popular. It is a shrub up to 2 m high. The berries are healthy and tasty, with a slight sourness. Some sources say that honeysuckle even surpasses blueberries and blackberries in terms of the content of nutrients.
Clematis Clematis (clematis) is a very popular flowering perennial. It is a fast growing wintering and greenhouse plant. It can be in the form of vines, and in the form of shrubs. Clematis appeared in Russia in the 19th century, and were first grown as greenhouse plants. For almost 2 centuries, breeders have created a lot of varieties and species that differ in many ways. In some clematis, flowers are collected in a half-umbrella, in others in a panicle or shield. There are small-flowered clematis with a flower diameter of up to 5 cm. There are large-flowered with a diameter of 6 to 25 cm. The color of the flower is very diverse - pink, white, crimson, lilac, purple and even almost black.
Semi-shrub clematis have a lignified lower, successfully wintering part and an upper one, which dies off annually. This perennial has the ability to cling to the branches of shrubs, trees and various supports, reliably wrapping around them with its cuttings. Clematis is rightfully considered one of the favorites in landscape design. These charming vines quickly and beautifully decorate walls, balconies, gazebos, arches, fences and roofs. They are loved for their unusual and bright colors, for their wonderful aroma and unpretentiousness. This perennial allows you to create complex garden compositions together with other plants, enriching the garden pattern. The perfect combination is clematis with roses. If you want to really enjoy the bloom of these gorgeous flowers, choose roses and clematis that bloom at the same time. Other classic combination options are clematis with hydrangea, budley, hops and barberry.
Rose A bush rose is a perennial that deserves whole treatises. Within the framework of this article, one can only talk about her in passing. This is the favorite plant of all gardeners. Perhaps there is no garden in which a rose does not grow. The queen of the garden is beautiful and diverse, since ancient times has conquered kings and ordinary gardeners all over the world. She has firmly established herself as the most luxurious plant in the world.
In landscape design, all types of roses are widely used - climbing, standard, bush, hybrid tea, ground cover, polyanthus and miniature. All of them magnificently decorate both small gardens and grandiose parks, small romantic corners and large garden compositions. This perennial in beauty and fragrance is one of the most perfect among ornamental flowering plants. Such a variety of bright and delicate shades of color and smell belongs only to the rose. Not surprisingly, this royal plant adorns gardens in many countries around the world. Roses are good both on the edge of the lawn and in the center of the lawn, against the background of conifers and in combination with other shrubs, for example, clematis. They look good against the background of stone, wrought metal or wood.
Pyramids of roses, arches, and even whole pink walls are all great options for using roses in garden design. And some sophisticated gardeners arrange whole streams of ground cover roses in their garden! Rosehip Rosehip is probably the most common perennial shrub in our gardens. It is grown both as a source of useful berries and as a hedge. Rosehip is a close relative of the rose and is a wild shrub. Forming extensive thorny thickets, it reliably protects the fence from uninvited guests. In spring, this perennial blooms with simple but very cute flowers. In autumn, it presents its owners with useful red berries, which are valued for their medicinal properties. The fruits left on the rose hip bush serve as excellent food for birds in winter and enliven the winter garden.
Hawthorn: Thorny hawthorn bushes make it possible to create a real impenetrable hedge. An adult shrub sometimes reaches 5-6 m. Hawthorn bushes can become a real obstacle not only for uninvited guests, but also for neighboring pets. The hawthorn needs to be trimmed regularly. If not trimmed, it can turn into impassable thickets. Hawthorn is also planted in the garden for the sake of useful berries. They have long been credited with both medicinal and magical properties. They healed heart diseases and drove away evil spirits. Due to its rich unique composition, hawthorn fruits are also used in official medicine.
Holly Mahonia Holly Mahonia is an evergreen perennial shrub. Thanks to its greenery, Mahonia adorns the garden all year round. The leaves are naturally prickly and glossy. Their rich color goes well with yellow flowers, which appear in the south of our country at the end of autumn. In colder latitudes, flowering begins in spring. It is an incredibly ornamental shrub that adorns the garden in winter and summer. Mahonia berries and flowers look especially impressive against the background of a blazing autumn garden. Green berries, as they ripen, acquire a dark purple color with a bluish bloom. The clusters with berries are similar to the clusters of grapes, ripening towards the end of summer. In landscape design, holly mahonia is often used. Due to its unusual appearance, it alternately pleases its viewers with foliage, then with clusters of blue berries, then with bright yellow inflorescences. This perennial looks great as a single plant, and as a lawn plant, and as an addition to a stone composition, and as a hedge. In addition, Mahonia is a very useful plant. Berries contain a lot of vitamin C, the roots have antibacterial properties, due to which they are widely used in folk medicine.
Weigela Weigela is an ornamental perennial shrub from the honeysuckle family. This flowering plant is very fond of both gardeners and landscape designers. Weigelu is appreciated for its high decorative properties. Weigela's ability to bloom twice a season allows you to create diverse compositions. The first abundant flowering occurs in May-June, captivating all spectators with its grandeur. Flowering - long, stretching for almost a month. The second time this perennial blooms in early autumn, revitalizing an already tired garden. Some varieties of weigela have a wonderful smell. The specificity of this plant is large, tubular, drooping flowers with an unusual color. So on one flower there can be several shades of color at once.
This perennial is unusually good in both single and group plantings. It is often grown as a hedge. Due to the spreading crown with beautiful leaves, weigela looks decorative even after flowering. Weigela is a perennial with different sizes. Depending on the variety, it can reach a height of 30 cm to 3 m, and in diameter - up to 4 m. Therefore, these features should be taken into account when creating landscape compositions. By combining different varieties, you can create a true garden of continuous flowering. Usually weigela blooms immediately after the lilac. Surrounded by noble conifers, weigela looks even more beautiful. Low-growing varieties perfectly liven up rocky areas. If weigela grows in groups, then experts recommend filling the space between the bushes with herbaceous perennials: astilbe, hosta, ferns. Deytsiya Snow-white beauty - this is often called this perennial shrub with white or pink flowers. It belongs to the genus Hortensiae and contains about 50 species. Action is a deciduous perennial with a spreading or erect shape. Some actions are used as curb plants, others for small group plantings. But there are varieties that are perfect for a solo role.
In landscape gardening, actions have deservedly acquired their loyal fans. Gardeners appreciate them for their extraordinary decorative effect, abundant and very effective flowering. It is not for nothing that many outstanding florists compare the beauty action with roses and hydrangeas. This perennial is native to East Asia. And this, of course, leaves some imprint in terms of care. Actions are demanding to the place of growth and to the soil, they do not like frequent watering. And yet, fans of this beautifully flowering perennial are not stopped by difficulties. The action looks picturesque in different compositions. It is good next to conifers, with weigela, with forsythia, and also against the background of a brick wall. If you want to give your garden some exoticism and mystery, pay attention to the oriental snow-white beauty - action. Evergreen shrubs for hedgesGreen fences were appreciated by gardeners both centuries ago and now. We all remember from the movies walking through the palace parks, divided into sections by such hedges. It is a truly magnificent splendid spectacle, where greenery plays a major role in all its shades.
In our climatic zones, evergreen perennial shrubs are planted to achieve year-round garden enjoyment. If you plant deciduous plants as a green fence, you need to understand that in winter you will have to contemplate bare trunks. The choice, as always, is yours. When choosing evergreen shrubs, one must take into account the fact that they all have their own maximum height level. There are low and medium curbs, and there are really tall green walls. Conifers grow very slowly. Therefore, here you need to either be patient, or to plant already mature expensive plants. Deciduous perennials also have their own benefits. They grow faster and some even bloom. Everyone tolerates a haircut perfectly. As for the "winter" appearance, the winter color of the bark also has its own flavor, and looks interesting against the background of snow. Thuja, juniper, turf, boxwood, cherry laurel, Japanese holly, holly, and broadleaf calmia are great for creating an evergreen wall.They all have their own characteristics of cultivation and formation.
But with the main goal of protecting the garden from dust, wind and prying eyes, as well as being the perfect backdrop for other plants, hedges do a great job. Photo of perennial shrubs